Professor Jan Clarkson

Co-Director DHSRU; Director, Effective Dental Practice Programme


Division of Oral Health Sciences
Dental Hospital & School
Park Place
Dundee DD1 4HR


GDC No. 62406

Phone Number:

+44 (0)1382740 990

Email Address:

Jan Clarkson graduated in dentistry from Newcastle University in 1984 and in 1994 she completed a PhD, entitled Development of a Classification and Index of Dental Treatment Experience, at Manchester University.                                                                         

She is Director of Effective Dental Practice Programme and with Professor Ruth Freeman is Co-Director of the Dental Health Services Research Unit at the University of Dundee. Her remit is to conduct high quality research and promote the implementation of research evidence in dental primary care. Her research has included several clinical trials involving over 300 dentists and 10,000 patients. 

Jan is a founding member of the Cochrane Oral Health Group and is Joint Co-ordinating Editor. She is currently Director of the Scottish Clinical Effectiveness Programme and the Scottish Dental Practice Based Research Network and is NES lead at Dundee Dental Education Centre.


  • 2013, Fellowship, Dental Faculty, Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons, Glasgow
  • 2000, Member of the Institute for Learning and Teaching
  • 1998, Fellowship in Dental Surgery Paediatric Dentistry, Royal College of Surgeons Edinburgh
  • 1991, Fellowship in Dental Surgery Royal College of Surgeons Edinburgh

Jan’s research is in dental clinical effectiveness and knowledge translation.  She has worked in health services research throughout her career, with a focus on issues relevant to primary care.  As Director of DHSRU and SDCEP she undertakes and supports research that facilitates, informs and promotes health in order to reduce illness.   This has involved primary and secondary research methods, principally randomised controlled trials (RCT) and Cochrane systematic reviews.  

Much of Jan’s research is embedded in service and education delivery.  The outcome has informed changes to Scotland’s dental remuneration policy, contributed to NICE and SIGN guideline development, provided evidence of the effect of change to national postgraduate education policy and informed methodological debates in RCT design.  She was Principal Investigator of the only implementation trial of dental remuneration and education (CSO/SHEFC), the first cluster versus patient randomised trial (CSO), a UK evaluation of the impact of changes in the dental service contract (ESRC), and the first US funded Cochrane Systematic Reviews (NIDCR). Her theoretical interests are in the application of mixed methods to understand professional behaviour and to develop and evaluate interventions designed to enhance health.  Jan’s current research focuses on the late phase translation of guidance in dentistry.  This includes the TRiaDS (Translation Research in a Dental Setting) programme to develop a suite of experimental and quasi experimental methods, to inform service and education policy makers in Scotland, on the effectiveness and cost effectiveness of strategies to implement national SDCEP guidance.  This programme has recently expanded into community pharmacy and optometry.  The recent HTA awards, to evaluate different dental recall strategies whether to restore primary teeth and the effectiveness of scale and polish, reflects Jan’s approach to pursuing high quality research in dentistry being an author of the Cochrane reviews, the NICE guideline, and Principal Investigator of the commissioned trials.  The National US PBRN are currently discussing replication of these trials in the US system. 

As Joint Chief Investigator of three HTA multi centre HTA trials, Jan manages research funds of c£10m with collaborators across 10 sites involved with the recruitment of c180 UK dental practices and direct employment of 15 staff.  In partnership with NES she manages the research budget for SDCEP which encompasses guidance development, translation research (TRiaDS) and practice based research (SDPBRN) c£600k per year.

In addition to collaborating with researchers across Schools within the College, Jan works in reciprocal partnership with international researchers in the Universities of Aberdeen, Manchester, Ottawa, Newcastle upon Tyne, Edinburgh, Glasgow, St Andrews, York, University College London, and GKT.  This multidisciplinary collaboration includes statisticians’, implementation scientists, trial methodologists, health psychologists, economists, organisation scientists, statistical modellers, educationalists and clinicians. Jan has secured sustainable funding for her research group which comprises 14 researchers and 12 administrators.

The focus of Jan’s teaching activity is to promote the translation of research evidence in clinical practice, support the conduct of high quality research in a primary care setting, and Cochrane systematic reviews.  

International invitations to teach on 3-5 day courses: 
  • 2012                     New York, USA                         Dental School, Cochrane Oral Health Group and Evidence Based Dentistry
  • 2012                     Chicago, USA                           American Dental Association Scientific Group Evidenced Based Dentistry
  • 2011                     Chicago, USA                           American Dental Association Scientific Group Evidenced Based Dentistry
  • 2011                     New York, USA                         Dental School, Cochrane Oral Health Group and Evidence Based Dentistry
  • 2010                     Temple University, USA            Systematic Reviews and Evidence in Dentistry, American Dental Association
  • 2007                     University of Harvard, USA       Evidence Based Dentistry to American Association of Equilibationists        
  • 2005                     Chicago, USA                           American Dental Association Scientific Group Evidenced Based Dentistry
  • 2004                     Rio, Brazil                                ORCA Summer School
  • 2004                     University of Michigan, USA    Systematic Reviews in Dentistry
  • 2001/2/3/4          Manchester, UK                       Cochrane Oral Health Group annual course on Conducting Systematic Reviews
  • 2001                     Budapest, Hungary                  ORCA Summer School
  • 2001                     Washington, USA                     American Dental Association Teachers Evidence Based Dentistry
  • 2001                     University of Michigan, USA    Systematic Reviews in Dentistry
  • 2000                     University of Michigan, USA    Evidence Based Dentistry Course, American Association of Endodontists
  • 1999                     Krakow, Poland                       ORCA Summer School
  • 1995                     University of Michigan, USA   Dental Practice Based Research 

Rutter, J, Cunningham, K, Holmes, R, Maguire, A, Innes, N, Douglas, G, Clarkson, J, Freeman, R, McColl, E, Robertson, M & Marshman, Z 2017, 'FiCTION Filling Children’s Teeth: Indicated or Not? Integrating Qualitative Research' Paper presented at International Association for Dental Research General Session, San Francisco, United States, 22/03/17 - 25/03/17, .

Tan, H, Richards, L, Walsh, T, Worthington, HV, Clarkson, JE, Wang, L & Mattar de Amoedo Campos Velo, M 2017, 'Interventions for managing root caries' Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, vol 2017, no. 8, CD012750, pp. 1-12. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD012750

Lamont, TJ, Clarkson, JE, Ricketts, DNJ, Heasman, PA & Ramsay, CR 2017, 'Core outcomes in periodontal trials: study protocol for core outcome set development' Trials, vol 18, 436. DOI: 10.1186/s13063-017-2169-z

Newlands, R, Duncan, EM, Prior, M, Elouafkaoui, P, Elders, A, Young, L, Clarkson, JJ & Ramsay, CR 2016, 'Barriers and facilitators of evidence-based management of patients with bacterial infections among general dental practitioners: a theory-informed interview study' Implementation Science, vol 11, 11., 10.1186/s13012-016-0372-z

Elouafkaoui, P, Young, L, Newlands, R, Duncan, EM, Elders, A, Clarkson, JE, Ramsay, CR & Translation Research in a Dental Setting (TRiaDS) Research Methodology Group 2016, 'An audit and feedback intervention for reducing antibiotic prescribing in general dental practice: the RAPiD Cluster Randomised Controlled Trial' PLoS Medicine, vol 13, no. 8, e1002115. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pmed.1002115

Conway, DI, Robertson, C, Gray, H, Young, L, McDaid, LM, Winter, AJ, Campbell, C, Pan, J, Kavanagh, K, Kean, S, Bhatia, R, Cubie, H, Clarkson, JE, Bagg, J, Pollock, KG & Cuschieri, K 2016, 'Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) Oral Prevalence in Scotland (HOPSCOTCH): a feasibility study in dental settings' PLoS ONE, vol 11, no. 11, e0165847. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0165847

Templeton, AR, Young, L, Bish, A, Gnich, W, Cassie, H, Treweek, S, Bonetti, D, Stirling, D, Macpherson, L, McCann, S , Clarkson, J & Ramsay, C 2016, ' Patient-, organization-, and system-level barriers and facilitators to preventive oral health care: A convergent mixed-methods study in primary dental care ' Implementation Science , vol 11, 5., 10.1186/s13012-015-0366-2

Bonetti, D & Clarkson, JJ 2016, 'Fluoride Varnish for Caries Prevention: Efficacy and Implementation' Caries Research, vol 50, no. Suppl. 1, pp. 45-49. DOI: 10.1159/000444268

Clarkson, J & Farnham, J 2016, 'Is It Time to Share Pediatric Guideline Development?' Pediatric Dentistry, vol 38, no. 1, pp. 10.

Clarkson, J & Farnham, J 2016, 'Is it time to share paediatric guideline development?' European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry, vol 17, no. 2, pp. 141-142. DOI: 10.1007/s40368-016-0225-0

Deery, C , Clarkson, J , Farnham, J & On behalf of the IAPD guideline development forum 2016, ' Editorial: is it time to share paediatric guideline development? ' International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry , vol 26, no. 1, pp. 1-2., 10.1111/ipd.12217

Forbes, G, Rutherford, S, Stirling, D, Young, L & Clarkson, J 2015, ' Current practice and factors influencing the provision of periodontal healthcare in primary dental care in Scotland: an explorative study ' British Dental Journal , vol 218, no. 7, pp. 387-391., 10.1038/sj.bdj.2015.245

Elouafkaoui, P, Bonetti, D , Clarkson, J , Stirling, D, Young, L & Cassie, H 2015, ' Is further intervention required to translate caries prevention and management recommendations into practice? ' British Dental Journal , vol 218, no. 1, E1., 10.1038/sj.bdj.2014.1141

Frantsve-Hawley, J , Clarkson, JE & Slot, DE 2015, ' Using the best evidence to enhance dental hygiene decision making ' Journal of Dental Hygiene , vol 89 , no. Suppl 1, pp. 39-42.

Iheozor-Ejiofor, Z, Worthington, HV, Walsh, T, O'Malley, L , Clarkson, JE , Macey, R, Alam, R, Tugwell, P, Welch, V & Glenny, A-M 2015, ' Water fluoridation for the prevention of dental caries ' Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews , no. 6, CD010856., 10.1002/14651858.CD010856.pub2

Riley, P, Glenny, A-M, Worthington, HV, Littlewood, A , Clarkson, JE & McCabe, MG 2015, ' Interventions for preventing oral mucositis in patients with cancer receiving treatment: oral cryotherapy ' Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews , no. 12, CD011552., 10.1002/14651858.CD011552.pub2

Worthington, H , Clarkson, J & Weldon, J 2015, ' Priority oral health research identification for clinical decision-making ' Evidence-Based Dentistry , vol 16, no. 3, pp. 69-71., 10.1038/sj.ebd.6401110

Bonetti, D, Hampson, V, Queen, K, Kirk, D , Clarkson, JJ & Young, L 2015, ' Improving oral hygiene for patients ' Nursing Standard , vol 29, no. 19, pp. 44-50., 10.7748/ns.29.19.44.e9383

Rooksby, M, Elouafkaoui, P, Humphris, G , Clarkson, J & Freeman, R 2015, ' Internet-assisted delivery of cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) for childhood anxiety: systematic review and meta-analysis ' Journal of Anxiety Disorders , vol 29, pp. 83-92., 10.1016/j.janxdis.2014.11.006

Keightley, A , Clarkson, J , Maguire, A, Speed, C & Innes, N 2014, ' Participant recruitment to FiCTION, a primary dental care trial – survey of facilitators and barriers ' British Dental Journal , vol 217, no. 10, E22., 10.1038/sj.bdj.2014.1009

Prior, M, Elouafkaoui, P, Elders, A, Young, L, Duncan, EM, Newlands, R , Clarkson, JE , Ramsay, CR, Black, I, Bonetti, D, Eldridge, S, Francis, JJ, Grimshaw, JM, McKee, L, Michie, S, Pitts, N, Stirling, D, Tilley, C, Torgerson, C, Treweek, S, Vale, L & Walker, A 2014, ' Evaluating an audit and feedback intervention for reducing antibiotic prescribing behaviour in general dental practice (the RAPiD trial): a partial factorial cluster randomised trial protocol ' Implementation Science , vol 9, no. 1, pp. 50., 10.1186/1748-5908-9-50

Bonetti, DL , Clarkson, JE , Elouafkaoui, P, Stirling, DA, Young, L & Templeton, AR 2014, ' Managing patients on bisphosphonates: the practice of primary care dentists before and after the publication of national guidance ' British Dental Journal , vol 217, no. 12, pp. E25., 10.1038/sj.bdj.2014.1121

Needleman, I , Clarkson, J & Worthington, H 2013, ' A practitioner's guide to developing critical appraisal skills: reviews of research ' Journal of the American Dental Association , vol 144, no. 5, pp. 527-30., 10.14219/jada.archive.2013.0155

Lamont, T , Keightley, A & Clarkson, J 2013, ' Accessing the best available evidence ' Dental Update , vol 40, no. 6, pp. 482-486.

Worthington, HV , Clarkson, J , Bryan, G & Beirne, PV 2013, ' Routine scale and polish for periodontal health in adults ' Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews , vol 2013, no. 11, CD004625., 10.1002/14651858.CD004625.pub4


International Invitations to present research:

New York, USA - New York University
Atlanta, USA - Centre for Disease Control
Chicago, USA - Evidence Based Champions
Washington, USA - National Institute of Health

Washington, USA - National Institute of Health
Atlanta, USA - Centre for Disease Control
New York, USA - University of New Jersey
New York, USA - New York University

New York, USA - New York University
Madrid, Spain - Cochrane Colloquium
Sheffield, UK - NHS Industry Liaison Event
Chicago, USA - Evidence Based Champions
Maryland, USA - Academy of Prosthodontics Spring Meeting
Oregon, USA - Precedent
Dublin, Eire - ISDC, Dublin

Toronto, Canada - Canadian Dental Hygienist Association
Valencia, Spain - Spanish Public Health Congress
Edinburgh, UK - International Paediatric Oncology
Chicago, USA - American Dental Association
Philadelphia, USA - American Dental Association
Philadelphia, USA - Temple University Medical Faculty

Chicago, USA - Evidence Based Champions ADA

London, UK - PEF IADR Symposium - Caries Management
Stockholm, Sweden - FDI Symposium - Practice Based Research Networks
Toronto, USA - IADR Symposium - Evaluating Knowledge Transfer
Chicago, USA - 3rd International Evidence Based Dentistry Meeting