Professor Jan Clarkson

Co-Director DHSRU; Director, Effective Dental Practice Programme and Associate Dean for Research


Division of Oral Health Sciences
Dental Hospital & School
Park Place
Dundee DD1 4HR


GDC No. 62406

Phone Number:

+44 (0)1382740 990

Email Address:

Jan Clarkson graduated in dentistry from Newcastle University in 1984 and in 1994 she completed a PhD, entitled Development of a Classification and Index of Dental Treatment Experience, at Manchester University.                                                                         

She is Director of Effective Dental Practice Programme and with Professor Ruth Freeman is Co-Director of the Dental Health Services Research Unit at the University of Dundee. Her remit is to conduct high quality research and promote the implementation of research evidence in dental primary care. Her research has included several clinical trials involving over 300 dentists and 10,000 patients. 

Jan is a founding member of the Cochrane Oral Health Group and is Joint Co-ordinating Editor. She is currently Director of the Scottish Clinical Effectiveness Programme and the Scottish Dental Practice Based Research Network and is NES lead at Dundee Dental Education Centre.


  • 2013, Fellowship, Dental Faculty, Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons, Glasgow
  • 2000, Member of the Institute for Learning and Teaching
  • 1998, Fellowship in Dental Surgery Paediatric Dentistry, Royal College of Surgeons Edinburgh
  • 1991, Fellowship in Dental Surgery Royal College of Surgeons Edinburgh

Jan’s research is in dental clinical effectiveness and knowledge translation.  She has worked in health services research throughout her career, with a focus on issues relevant to primary care.  As Director of DHSRU and SDCEP she undertakes and supports research that facilitates, informs and promotes health in order to reduce illness.   This has involved primary and secondary research methods, principally randomised controlled trials (RCT) and Cochrane systematic reviews.  

Much of Jan’s research is embedded in service and education delivery.  The outcome has informed changes to Scotland’s dental remuneration policy, contributed to NICE and SIGN guideline development, provided evidence of the effect of change to national postgraduate education policy and informed methodological debates in RCT design.  She was Principal Investigator of the only implementation trial of dental remuneration and education (CSO/SHEFC), the first cluster versus patient randomised trial (CSO), a UK evaluation of the impact of changes in the dental service contract (ESRC), and the first US funded Cochrane Systematic Reviews (NIDCR). Her theoretical interests are in the application of mixed methods to understand professional behaviour and to develop and evaluate interventions designed to enhance health.  Jan’s current research focuses on the late phase translation of guidance in dentistry.  This includes the TRiaDS (Translation Research in a Dental Setting) programme to develop a suite of experimental and quasi experimental methods, to inform service and education policy makers in Scotland, on the effectiveness and cost effectiveness of strategies to implement national SDCEP guidance.  This programme has recently expanded into community pharmacy and optometry.  The recent HTA awards, to evaluate different dental recall strategies whether to restore primary teeth and the effectiveness of scale and polish, reflects Jan’s approach to pursuing high quality research in dentistry being an author of the Cochrane reviews, the NICE guideline, and Principal Investigator of the commissioned trials.  The National US PBRN are currently discussing replication of these trials in the US system. 

As Joint Chief Investigator of three HTA multi centre HTA trials, Jan manages research funds of c£10m with collaborators across 10 sites involved with the recruitment of c180 UK dental practices and direct employment of 15 staff.  In partnership with NES she manages the research budget for SDCEP which encompasses guidance development, translation research (TRiaDS) and practice based research (SDPBRN) c£600k per year.

In addition to collaborating with researchers across Schools within the College, Jan works in reciprocal partnership with international researchers in the Universities of Aberdeen, Manchester, Ottawa, Newcastle upon Tyne, Edinburgh, Glasgow, St Andrews, York, University College London, and GKT.  This multidisciplinary collaboration includes statisticians’, implementation scientists, trial methodologists, health psychologists, economists, organisation scientists, statistical modellers, educationalists and clinicians. Jan has secured sustainable funding for her research group which comprises 14 researchers and 12 administrators.

The focus of Jan’s teaching activity is to promote the translation of research evidence in clinical practice, support the conduct of high quality research in a primary care setting, and Cochrane systematic reviews.  

International invitations to teach on 3-5 day courses: 
  • 2012                     New York, USA                         Dental School, Cochrane Oral Health Group and Evidence Based Dentistry
  • 2012                     Chicago, USA                           American Dental Association Scientific Group Evidenced Based Dentistry
  • 2011                     Chicago, USA                           American Dental Association Scientific Group Evidenced Based Dentistry
  • 2011                     New York, USA                         Dental School, Cochrane Oral Health Group and Evidence Based Dentistry
  • 2010                     Temple University, USA            Systematic Reviews and Evidence in Dentistry, American Dental Association
  • 2007                     University of Harvard, USA       Evidence Based Dentistry to American Association of Equilibationists        
  • 2005                     Chicago, USA                           American Dental Association Scientific Group Evidenced Based Dentistry
  • 2004                     Rio, Brazil                                ORCA Summer School
  • 2004                     University of Michigan, USA    Systematic Reviews in Dentistry
  • 2001/2/3/4          Manchester, UK                       Cochrane Oral Health Group annual course on Conducting Systematic Reviews
  • 2001                     Budapest, Hungary                  ORCA Summer School
  • 2001                     Washington, USA                     American Dental Association Teachers Evidence Based Dentistry
  • 2001                     University of Michigan, USA    Systematic Reviews in Dentistry
  • 2000                     University of Michigan, USA    Evidence Based Dentistry Course, American Association of Endodontists
  • 1999                     Krakow, Poland                       ORCA Summer School
  • 1995                     University of Michigan, USA   Dental Practice Based Research 

Shepherd, S, Bonnetti, D , Clarkson, JE , Ogden, GR & Young, L 2011, ' Summary of: current practices and intention to provide alcohol-related health advice in primary dental care ' British Dental Journal , vol 211, no. 7, pp. 322-323., 10.1038/sj.bdj.2011.843

Shepherd, S, Young, L , Clarkson, JE , Bonetti, D & Ogden, GR 2010, ' Summary of: general dental practitioner views on providing alcohol related health advice; an exploratory study ' British Dental Journal , vol 208, no. 7, pp. 304-305., 10.1038/sj.bdj.2010.321

Ho-A-Yun, J, Crawford, F & Clarkson, J 2009, 'Summary of: The use of the Index of Orthodontic Treatment Need in dental primary care' British Dental Journal, vol 206, no. 8, pp. 418-419. DOI: 10.1038/sj.bdj.2009.339

Keightley, A, Clarkson, J, Maguire, A, Speed, C & Innes, N 2014, 'Participant recruitment to FiCTION, a primary dental care trial – survey of facilitators and barriers' British Dental Journal, vol 217, no. 10, E22, pp. 1-5. DOI: 10.1038/sj.bdj.2014.1009

Clarkson, JE & Bonetti, D 2009, 'Why be an evidence-based dentistry champion?' Journal of Evidence-Based Dental Practice, vol 9, no. 3, pp. 145-50. DOI: 10.1016/j.jebdp.2009.06.012

Bonetti, D, Johnston, M, Clarkson, JE, Grimshaw, J, Pitts, NB, Eccles, M, Steen, N, Thomas, R, Maclennan, G, Glidewell, L & Walker, A 2010, 'Applying psychological theories to evidence-based clinical practice: identifying factors predictive of placing preventive fissure sealants' Implementation Science, vol 5, 25, pp. -. DOI: 10.1186/1748-5908-5-25

Matthews, J, Jokstad, A & Clarkson, J 2009, 'Weak evidence suggests scaling and root planing may help people with diabetes improve glycemic control: A critical summary of Darré L, Vergnes J-N, Gourdy P, Sixou M. Efficacy of periodontal treatment on glycaemic control in diabetic patients: a meta-analysis of interventional studies. Diabetes Metab 2008;34(5):497-506.' Journal of the American Dental Association, vol 140, no. 9, pp. 1144-1145.

Bonetti, D, Pitts, NB, Eccles, M, Grimshaw, J, Johnston, M, Steen, N, Glidewell, L, Thomas, R, Maclennan, G, Clarkson, JE & Walker, A 2006, 'Applying psychological theory to evidence-based clinical practice: identifying factors predictive of taking intra-oral radiographs' Social Science and Medicine, vol 63, no. 7, pp. 1889-1899. DOI: 10.1016/j.socscimed.2006.04.005

Newlands, R, Duncan, EM, Prior, M, Elouafkaoui, P, Elders, A, Young, L, Clarkson, JJ & Ramsay, CR 2016, 'Barriers and facilitators of evidence-based management of patients with bacterial infections among general dental practitioners: a theory-informed interview study' Implementation Science, vol 11, 11. DOI: 10.1186/s13012-016-0372-z

Needleman, I, Clarkson, J & Worthington, H 2013, 'A practitioner's guide to developing critical appraisal skills: reviews of research' Journal of the American Dental Association, vol 144, no. 5, pp. 527-30. DOI: 10.14219/jada.archive.2013.0155

Marshman, Z, Innes, N, Deery, C, Hall, M, Speed, C, Douglas, G, Clarkson, J & Rodd, H 2012, 'The management of dental caries in primary teeth: involving service providers and users in the design of a trial' Trials, vol 13, 143. DOI: 10.1186/1745-6215-13-143

Worthington, HV, Clarkson, JE, Khalid, T, Meyer, S & McCabe, M 2010, 'Interventions for treating oral candidiasis for patients with cancer receiving treatment' Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, vol 2010, no. 7, CD001972. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD001972.pub4

Bonetti, D, Johnston, M, Clarkson, J & Turner, S 2009, 'Applying multiple models to predict clinicians' behavioural intention and objective behaviour when managing children's teeth' Psychology and Health, vol 24, no. 7, pp. 843-860. DOI: 10.1080/08870440802108918

Bahrami, M, Deery, C, Clarkson, JE, Pitts, NB, Johnston, M, Ricketts, I, MacLennan, G, Nugent, ZJ, Tilley, C, Bonetti, D & Ramsay, C 2004, 'Effectiveness of strategies to disseminate and implement clinical guidelines for the management of impacted and unerupted third molars in primary dental care, a cluster randomised controlled trial' British Dental Journal, vol 197, no. 11, pp. 691-696. DOI: 10.1038/sj.bdj.4811858

Worthington, H, Clarkson, J & Glenny, A-M 2006, 'Letters to the Editor "Stokman MA, Spijkervet FKL, Boezen HM, Schouten JP, Roodenburg JLN, de Vries EGE (2006). Preventive intervention possibilities in radiotherapy- and chemotherapy-induced oral mucositis: results of meta-analyses. J Dent Res 85:690–700": Authors failed to acknowledge the Cochrane review on this topic' Journal of Dental Research, vol 85, no. 12, pp. 1085-1086. DOI: 10.1177/154405910608501203

Prior, M, Elouafkaoui, P, Elders, A, Young, L, Duncan, EM, Newlands, R, Clarkson, JE, Ramsay, CR & Translation Research in a Dental Setting (TRiaDS) Research Methodology Group 2014, 'Evaluating an audit and feedback intervention for reducing antibiotic prescribing behaviour in general dental practice (the RAPiD trial): a partial factorial cluster randomised trial protocol' Implementation Science, vol 9, 50. DOI: 10.1186/1748-5908-9-50

Beirne, P, Forgie, A, Clarkson, JE & Worthington, HV 2005, 'Recall intervals for oral health in primary care patients' Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, no. 2, pp. CD004346. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD004346.pub2

Furness, S, Glenny, A-M, Worthington, HV, Pavitt, S, Oliver, R, Clarkson, JE, Macluskey, M, Chan, KKW, Conway, DI & CSROC Expert Panel 2010, 'Interventions for the treatment of oral cavity and oropharyngeal cancer: chemotherapy' Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, no. 9, CD006386, pp. -. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD006386.pub2

Bonetti, D, Young, L, Black, I, Cassie, H, Ramsay, CR & Clarkson, J 2009, 'Can't do it, won't do it!: Developing a theoretically framed intervention to encourage better decontamination practice in Scottish dental practices' Implementation Science, vol 4, 31, pp. -. DOI: 10.1186/1748-5908-4-31

Chalkley, M, Tilley, C, Young, L, Bonnetti, D & Clarkson, J 2008 'The effect of activity-based payment on dentists’ activity: evidence from a natural experiment in the UK national health service' Dundee Discussion Papers in Economics, no. 217, University of Dundee.

Clarkson, JE, Worthington, HV & Eden, OB 2003, 'Interventions for preventing oral mucositis for patients with cancer receiving treatment' Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, no. 2, CD000978. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD000978

Bonetti, D, Ross, J, Stewart, S & Clarkson, J 2007, 'What influences intention to become a postgraduate trainer?' British Dental Journal, vol 203, no. 5 Suppl., pp. 31-35. DOI: 10.1038/bdj.2007.780

Beirne, P, Forgie, A, Worthington, HV & Clarkson, JE 2005, 'Routine scale and polish for periodontal health in adults' Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, no. 1, CD004625. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD004625.pub2

Clarkson, JE, Ramsay, CR, Eccles, MP, Eldridge, S, Grimshaw, JM, Johnston, M, Michie, S, Treweek, S, Walker, A, Young, L, Black, I, Bonetti, D, Cassie, H, Francis, J, MacKenzie, G, MacPherson, L, McKee, L, Pitts, N, Rennie, J, Stirling, D, Tilley, C, Torgerson, C & Vale, L 2010, 'The translation research in a dental setting (TRiaDS) programme protocol' Implementation Science, vol 5, 57, pp. -. DOI: 10.1186/1748-5908-5-57

Splieth, CH, Ekstrand, KR, Alkilzy, M, Clarkson, J, Meyer-Lueckel, H, Martignon, S, Paris, S, Pitts, NB, Ricketts, DN & van Loveren, C 2010, 'Sealants in dentistry: outcomes of the ORCA Saturday afternoon Symposium 2007' Caries Research, vol 44, no. 1, pp. 313. DOI: 10.1159/000271591


International Invitations to present research:

New York, USA - New York University
Atlanta, USA - Centre for Disease Control
Chicago, USA - Evidence Based Champions
Washington, USA - National Institute of Health

Washington, USA - National Institute of Health
Atlanta, USA - Centre for Disease Control
New York, USA - University of New Jersey
New York, USA - New York University

New York, USA - New York University
Madrid, Spain - Cochrane Colloquium
Sheffield, UK - NHS Industry Liaison Event
Chicago, USA - Evidence Based Champions
Maryland, USA - Academy of Prosthodontics Spring Meeting
Oregon, USA - Precedent
Dublin, Eire - ISDC, Dublin

Toronto, Canada - Canadian Dental Hygienist Association
Valencia, Spain - Spanish Public Health Congress
Edinburgh, UK - International Paediatric Oncology
Chicago, USA - American Dental Association
Philadelphia, USA - American Dental Association
Philadelphia, USA - Temple University Medical Faculty

Chicago, USA - Evidence Based Champions ADA

London, UK - PEF IADR Symposium - Caries Management
Stockholm, Sweden - FDI Symposium - Practice Based Research Networks
Toronto, USA - IADR Symposium - Evaluating Knowledge Transfer
Chicago, USA - 3rd International Evidence Based Dentistry Meeting