Professor David N J Ricketts

Professor of Cariology and Conservative Dentistry / Honorary Consultant in Restorative Dentistry

Address:

University of Dundee
Park Place
Dundee
DD1 4HR

Phone Number:

+44 (0)1382381 617

Email Address:

d.n.j.ricketts@dundee.ac.uk

David Ricketts qualified at Guys Hospital Dental School, now Kings College London, in 1986. Following a resident Oral Surgery House Officer Post and two years in General Practice he returned to Guys to study for an MSc in Conservative Dentistry with Professor Bernard Smith. During this, his interest in Cariology, and in particular caries diagnosis and its appropriate management began.

His MSc project was supervised by Professor Edwina Kidd and was entitled “Clinical and Radiographic Diagnosis of Occlusal Caries” and this was followed by a PhD entitled “Diagnosis of occlusal caries by electronic resistance measurements” which was gained in 1995. These two research posts were the initial inspiration for a career in academic dentistry and in 1999 David moved to Dundee Dental School where, following a training pathway in Restorative Dentistry, he was promoted to Senior Lecturer / Honorary Consultant in Restorative Dentistry in 2003 and subsequently to Professor of Cariology and Conservative Dentistry in 2007.

David is currently Head of Operative Dentistry, Fixed Prosthodontics and Endodontology and has published widely on aspects of cariology and restorative dentistry. He is the joint editor and contributor to two text books on operative dentistry, has contributed extensively to a problem solving book in dentistry and to cariology chapters to a further three text books.

He has been invited speaker in numerous counties in Europe, North and South America, Kuwait and Hong Kong and has chaired scientific sessions for the European Organisation for Caries Research (ORCA) and the International Association of Paediatric Dentistry. David reviews scientific papers for a number of National and International Journals and for the Cochrane Collaboration and is currently Associate Editor for Caries Research and on the Editorial Board for Dental Update.

Collaborative research with ICDAS foundation on Caries Detection, Assessment (including activity assessment), Diagnosis, Management Pathways. This has led to collaborative research with colleagues in Denmark, Germany, Columbia, Brazil, Michigan, Philadelphia, Indiana and Kuwait. Also involved in the development of “The International Caries Classification and Management System™” ((ICCMS) Group meeting in Philadelphia, April 2010)

For further information visit the ICDAS website.

Cochrane systematic review on Ultraconservative or complete caries removal. Revised and resubmitted 2012.

International collaboration with participants from Brazil, Denmark and UK on subtraction radiography for the detection of carious lesion progression and the effect of alteration of x-ray beam projection geometry on detection of lesion progression.

Co-applicant on NIHR HTA INTERVAL Dental Recalls Trial (Investigation of NICE Technologies for Enabling Risk-Variable-Adjusted-Length Dental Recalls Trial) – Feasibility study being carried out.

Co-applicant on IQUAD trial (Improving the Quality of Dentistry) (2011 – date). A multicentre randomised controlled trial comparing oral hygiene advice and periodontal instrumentation for the prevention and management of periodontal disease in dentate adults attending dental primary care. The study is supported by a grant from the National Institute Health Research (NIHR) Health Technology Assessment Programme (ref 09/01/45). Currently recruiting practices and patients.

David has a wealth of teaching experience at both undergraduate and post graduate level and was secretary of the British Association for Teachers in Conservative Dentistry for eight years. He has examined at undergraduate level at Cardiff, King’s College London and Sheffield and at postgraduate level in Edinburgh and King’s College. He has been external examiner for Kuwait University and external assessor for Mauritius University.

Participant at the European Cariology Curriculum meeting, Berlin 2010.

Published Books and Chapters

Electrical conduction detection methods. Ricketts D.N.J. in The proceedings of the First Annual Indiana Conference on Early Detection of Dental Caries. Indiana University School of Dentistry, Indianapolis, USA 1996; pp 67-80.

E. W. Odell- Clinical Problem Solving in dentistry. Chapter 1 A high caries rate. David W. Bartlett, David N. Ricketts. Churchill Livingston, Edinburgh, UK. 2000.

E. W. Odell- Clinical Problem Solving in dentistry. Chapter 7. Pain on biting. David W. Bartlett, David N. Ricketts. Churchill Livingston, Edinburgh, UK. 2000.

E. W. Odell- Clinical Problem Solving in dentistry. Chapter 11. A loose tooth. David W. Bartlett, David N. Ricketts. Churchill Livingston, Edinburgh, UK. 2000.

E. W. Odell- Clinical Problem Solving in dentistry. Chapter 17. Discoloured anterior teeth. David W. Bartlett, David N. Ricketts. Churchill Livingston, Edinburgh, UK. 2000.

E. W. Odell- Clinical Problem Solving in dentistry. Chapter 25. Fractured incisors. David W. Bartlett, David N. Ricketts. Churchill Livingston, Edinburgh, UK. 2000.

E. W. Odell- Clinical Problem Solving in dentistry. Chapter 28. Bridge Design. David W. Bartlett, David N. Ricketts. Churchill Livingston, Edinburgh, UK. 2000.

E. W. Odell- Clinical Problem Solving in dentistry. Chapter 33 Missing upper lateral incisors. David W. Bartlett, David N. Ricketts. Churchill Livingston, Edinburgh, UK. 2000.

E. W. Odell- Clinical Problem Solving in dentistry. Chapter 35. Advanced periodontitis. David W. Bartlett, David N. Ricketts. Churchill Livingston, Edinburgh, UK. 2000. For review see Br. Dent. J. 2000;189:54.

E. W. Odell- Clinical Problem Solving in dentistry. Second Edition Chapter 40. Molar Endodontic treatment. David N. Ricketts, Carol ME Tait. Churchill Livingston, Edinburgh, UK. 2004.

E. W. Odell- Clinical Problem Solving in dentistry. Second Edition Chapter 56. Failed endodontic treatment. David W. Bartlett, David N. Ricketts. Churchill Livingston, Edinburgh, UK. 2004.

Ismail, A.I., Banting, D., Eggertsson, H., Ekstrand, K., Ferreira-Zandona, A., Longbottom, C., Pitts, N.B., Reich, E., Ricketts, D., Selwitz, R., Sohn, S., Topping, G.V.A., and Zero, D. (2005) Rational and evidence for the International Caries Detection and Assessment System (ICDAS II) pp. 161-221 in: Clinical Models Workshop: Remin-Demin, Precavitation, Caries. Proceedings of the 7th Indiana Conference. (Stookey, G.K., Editor) Indiana University School of Dentistry, Indianapolis, Indiana

Indirect Restorations. D Bartlett, D Ricketts. Quintessentials 25, Operative Dentistry 3. Quintessence Publications, Berlin 2007

E. W. Odell- Clinical Problem Solving in dentistry. Third Edition, Chapter 48. An Endodontic Problem. D. Ricketts, C Tait. Churchill Livingston, Edinburgh, UK. 2010.

Advanced Operative Dentistry: a Practical Approach. D Ricketts, D Bartlett. Churchill Livingstone, Elsevier, Edinburgh 2011

To Drill or Not to Drill? How much caries removal do we need? D Ricketts, Innes N. In Revolutions in Pediatric Dentistry. C.H. Spleith. Quintessence Publishing, 2011

How much caries do we have to remove? D. Ricketts. In: Karies - Wissenschaft und Klinische Praxis. Meyer-Luckel, H., Paris, S., Ekstrand K.R. MS 269170101 Thieme, 2012 - English version expected 2013.

Refereed Journal Papers

Minor axial tooth movement in preparation for fixed prostheses. Ricketts, D.N.J. & Smith,B.G.N. Eur J Prosthodont Rest Dent. 1993; 1: 145-149.

Clinical techniques for producing and monitoring minor axial tooth movement. Ricketts,D.N.J. & Smith,B.G.N. Eur J Prosthodont Rest Dent. Eur J Prosthodont Rest Dent. 1993; 2: 5-9.

Occlusal caries diagnosis: a changing challenge for clinicians and epidemiologists. Kidd,E.A.M., Ricketts,D.N.J., Pitts,N.B. J Dentistry 1993; 21: 323-331.

Radiographic detection of occlusal caries: the effect of X-ray beam factors on diagnosis. Ricketts,D.N.J., Kidd,E.A.M., Smith,B.G.N., Wilson,R.F. Eur J Prosthodont Rest. 1994; 2: 149-154.

Clinical and radiographic diagnosis of occlusal caries: a study in vitro. Ricketts,D.N.J., Kidd,E.A.M., Smith,B.G.N., Wilson,R.F. J Oral Rehabil 1995; 22:15-20.

A re-evaluation of electrical resistance measurements for the diagnosis of occlusal caries. Ricketts,D.N.J., Kidd,E.A.M., Wilson,R.F. Br Dent J 1995; 178: 11-17.

Operative and microbiological validation of visual, radiographic and electronic diagnosis of occlusal caries in non-cavitated teeth judged to be in need of operative care. Ricketts,D.N.J., Kidd,E.A.M., Beighton,D. Br Dent J 1995; 179: 214-220.

Histological validation of electrical resistance measurements in the diagnosis of occlusal caries. Ricketts,D.N.J., Liepins,P.J., Wilson,R.F., Kidd,E.A.M. Caries Res 1996; 30: 148-155.

Criteria for caries removal at the enamel-dentine junction: a clinical and microbiological study. Kidd E.A.M., Ricketts D.N.J., Beighton D. Br Dent J 1996; 180:.287-291.

An evaluation of the diagnostic yield from bitewing radiographs of small approximal and occlusal carious lesions in a low prevalence sample in vitro using different film types and speeds. Ricketts D.N.J., Whaites E.J., Kidd E.A.M., Brown J.E., Wilson R.F. Br Dent J 1997; 182: 51-58. Also see No difference in diagnostic yield between D- and E-speed radiographs. Topping GVA, Pitts NB, Evidence based dentistry 1998; 1: 17 (review)

The effect of airflow on site-specific electrical conductance measurements used in the diagnosis of pit and fissure caries in vitro. Ricketts D.N.J., Kidd E.A.M., Wilson R.F. Caries Res 1997; 31: 111-118.

The electronic diagnosis of caries in pits and fissures: site-specific stable conductance readings or cumulative resistance readings? Ricketts D.N.J., Kidd E.A.M., Wilson R.F. Caries Res 1997; 31: 119-124.

Electronic diagnosis of occlusal caries: adaptation of the technique for epidemiological purposes. Ricketts D.N.J., Kidd E.A.M., Wilson R.F. Community Dent Oral Epidemiol 1997; 25: 238-241.

Reproducibility and accuracy of three methods for assessment of demineralization depth on the occlusal surface. Ekstrand K.R., Ricketts D.N.J., Kidd E.A.M. Caries Res 1997; 31: 224-231.

Kindler Syndrome: a rare cause of desquamative lesions of the gingiva. Ricketts D.N.J., Morgan C.L., McGregor J.M., Morgan P.M. Oral Surg,., Oral Med., Oral Path., Oral Radiol. & Endodontics. 1997; 84: 488-491.

Hidden caries: What is it? Does it exist? Does it matter?. Ricketts D.N.J., Weerheijm K., Kidd E.A.M., de Soet H. Int Dent J 1997; 47: 259-265.

Management of the short clinical crown by direct restorations. Bartlett DW, Ricketts DNJ, Fisher NL. Dent Update 1997; 24: 431-463

A comparison of two alternative histological validating techniques for occlusal caries. Ricketts D.N.J., Watson R.F., Liepins P.J., Kidd E.A.M. J Dent 1998: 26: 89-96.

Do occlusal carious lesions spread laterally at the enamel-dentine-junction? A histological study. Ekstrand KR, Ricketts DNJ, Kidd EAM. Clin Oral Investig. 1998; 2: 15-20.

Detection, diagnosing, monitoring and logical treatment of occlusal caries in relation to lesion activity and severity: An in vivo examination with histological validation. Ekstrand KR, Ricketts DNJ, Kidd EAM, Qvist V, Schou S Caries Research 1998; 32: 247-254.

Occlusal caries diagnosis in molar teeth from bitewing and panoramic radiographs. Thomas MF, Ricketts DNJ, Wilson RF. J Primary Dent Care 2001;8:63-69.

Occlusal Caries. Pathology, Diagnosis and logical management. Ekstrand KR, Ricketts DNJ, Kidd EAM. Dental Update 2001;28:380-387.

Management of the deep carious lesion and the vital pulp dentine complex. Ricketts DNJ. Br Dent J 2001;191:606-610.

The effect of contact media on the diagnostic quality of electrical resistance measurements for occlusal caries. Mosahebi N, Ricketts DNJ. Community Dent Oral Epidemiol 2002;30:161-67.

Relating visual and radiographic ranked scoring systems for occlusal caries detection to histological and microbiological evidence. Ricketts DNJ, Ekstrand KR, Kidd EAM, Larsen T. Operative Dentistry 2002;27:231-237.

Fibre-based post systems: A review. Bateman G, Ricketts DNJ, Saunders WP. Br Dent J 2003;195:43-48.

A peer review study to assess communication between restorative specialists and referring dental practitioners. Ricketts DNJ, Scott BJJ, Ali A, Chadwick RG, Murray C, Radford JR, Saunders WP. Br Dent J 2003;195:389-393.

Complete or Ultraconservative removal of decay in teeth with primary lesions. Ricketts DNJ, Kidd EAM, Innes N. Cochrane Library, July 2006.

Restoration of the root filled tooth: pre-operative assessment. Tait CME, Ricketts DNJ, Higgins AJ. Br Dent J. 2005;198:395-404.

Tooth preparation for post retained restorations. Ricketts DNJ, Tait CME, Higgins AJ. Br Dent J. 2005;198:463-71.

Post and core systems, refinements to tooth preparation and cementation. Ricketts DNJ, Tait CME, Higgins AJ. Br Dent J. 2005;198:533-41.

Weakened anterior roots - intra-radicular rehabilitation. Tait CME, Ricketts DNJ, Higgins AJ. Br Dent J. 2005;198:609-17.

The eyes have it. How good is DIAGNOdent at detecting caries? Ricketts DNJ. Evid Based Dent. 2005;6(3):64-5 Comment on: J Am Dent Assoc. 2004 Oct;135(10):1413-26.

Visual and tactile assessment of arrested initial enamel carious lesions: an in vivo pilot study. Ekstrand KR, Ricketts DN, Longbottom C, Pitts NB. Caries Res. 2005;39:173-7.

Accuracy and reproducibility of conventional radiographic assessment and subtraction radiography in detecting demineralisation in occlusal surfaces. Ricketts DNJ, Ekstrand KR, Martignon S, Ellwood R, M Alatsaris, Nugent Z. Caries Res 2007:41;121-128.

Detection and Activity Assessment of Primary Coronal Caries Lesions. A Methodologic Study. KR Ekstrand, S Martignon, DNJ Ricketts, V Qvist. Operative Dent. 2007;32-3:225-235.

Preformed metal crowns for decayed primary molar teeth. Innes NPT, Ricketts DNJ, EvansDJP. Cochrane Library, 2007, Issue 1

Reproducibility and accuracy of the ICDAS-II for detection of occlusal caries in vitro. Jablonski-Momeni A, Stachniss V, Ricketts DN, M. Heinzel-Gutenbrunner, K. Pieper. Caries Research. 2008;42:79-87.

Occlusal caries: Evaluation of direct microscopy versus digital imaging used for two histological classification systems. Jablonski-Momeni A, Ricketts DN, Stachniss V, Maschka R, Heinzel-Gutenbrunner M, Pieper K. J Dent. 2009 Jan 3. [Epub ahead of print]

Management of the compromised tooth. Kilgariff JK, Ricketts DN, Saunders WP. Dent Update. 2008;35:664-8, 670-2.

Deep or partial caries removal: which is best? Ricketts D. Evid Based Dent. 2008;9:71-2.

Traditional Operative Treatment Options. Ricketts DN, Pitts NB. Monogr Oral Sci. 2009;21:164-173.

Novel Operative Treatment Options. Ricketts DN, Pitts NB. Monogr Oral Sci. 2009;21:174-187.

Sealants in Dentistry: Outcomes of the ORCA Saturday Afternoon Symposium 2007. Splieth CH, Ekstrand KR, Alkilzy M, Clarkson J, Meyer-Lueckel H, Martignon S, Paris S, Pitts NB, Ricketts DN, van Loveren C. Caries Res. 2010;44:3-13.

Validity and reproducibility of ICDAS II in primary teeth. Shoaib L, Deery C, Ricketts DN, Nugent ZJ. Caries Res. 2009;43:442-8.

In vitro comparison of Nyvad's system and ICDAS-II with Lesion Activity Assessment for evaluation of severity and activity of occlusal caries lesions in primary teeth. Braga MM, Mendes FM, Martignon S, Ricketts DN, Ekstrand KR. Caries Res. 2009;43:405-12.

Performance of laser fluorescence at tooth surface and histological section. Jablonski-Momeni A, Ricketts DN, Rolfsen S, Stoll R, Heinzel-Gutenbrunner M, Stachniss V, Pieper K. Lasers Med Sci. 2010 Mar 10.

Effect of different time intervals between examinations on the reproducibility of ICDAS-II for occlusal caries. Jablonski-Momeni A, Ricketts DN, Weber K, Ziomek O, Heinzel-Gutenbrunner M, Schipper HM, Stoll R, Pieper K. Caries Res. 2010;44:267-71.

Clinical performance of two visual scoring systems in detecting and assessing activity status of occlusal caries in primary teeth. Braga MM, Ekstrand KR, Martignon S, Imparato JC, Ricketts DN, Mendes FM. Caries Res. 2010;44:300-8.

Impact of Scoring Single or Multiple Occlusal Lesions on Estimates of Diagnostic Accuracy of the Visual ICDAS-II System. Jablonski-Momeni A, Ricketts DN, Heinzel-Gutenbrunner M, Stoll R, Stachniss V, Pieper K. Int J Dent. 2009;2009:798283. Epub 2010 Feb 9

Parameters associated with active caries lesions assessed by two different visual scoring systems on occlusal surfaces of primary molars - a multilevel approach. Braga MM, Martignon S, Ekstrand KR, Ricketts DN, Imparato JC, Mendes FM. Community Dent Oral Epidemiol. 2010;38:549-58.

Decision-making and preventive non-surgical therapy in the context of a European Core Curriculum in Cariology. Bottenberg P, Ricketts DN, Van Loveren C, Rahiotis C, Schulte AG. Eur J Dent Educ. 2011;15 Suppl 1:32-9.

Gimenez, T., Braga, M.M., Raggio, D.P., Deery, C., Ricketts, D.N. & Mendes, F.M. (2013) Flourescence-based methods for detecting caries lesions: systematic review, meta-analysis and sources of heterogeneity. PLoS One. 2013 Apr 4;8(4):e60421

Posts - When it all goes wrong! Part 1 - Case Assessment and management options. Rollings S, Stevenson B, Ricketts D. (2013) Dental Update. Issue 40, Number 2

Posts - When it all goes wrong! Part 2 - Post removal techniques. Rollings S, Stevenson B, Ricketts D. (2013) Dental Update. Issue 40, Number 3

Has the non-operative resin treatment of proximal initial caries lesions a future? Ekstrand K, Martignon S, Bakhshandeh A, Ricketts D. Dental Update (in Press).

David have given many Section 63 and similar full day courses on a range of subjects in conservative dentistry and cariology both in the UK and aboard and has been invited speaker in the following venues:

Year 1992-2000

Metropolitan Branch of BDA Young Practitioners, Women in Dentistry (with Prof Kidd, Drs Weerheijm and de Soet from ACTA, The Netherlands); Tunbridge Wells BDA (with Prof Kidd, Drs Weerheijm and de Soet from ACTA, The Netherlands); Worthing BDA; Tunbridge Wells BDA; Barnet BDA; Invited speaker Indiana, USA; The Netherlands, Paediatric Dental Society; Salisbury postgraduate study group; Brighton postgraduate study group; Norwich, GKT (Guy’s Hospital).

Year 2000-date

Norwich; Lincoln; Cambridge; Sheffield; Dundee; Invited speaker Ann Arbour, Michigan, USA; Welling Garden City; Aberdeen; York; Edinburgh (Royal Odonto-Chirurgical Society of Scotland); Newcastle study day; Invited speaker, Swiss Dental Society, Basel, Switerland; Invited speaker ICDAS workshop Baltimore; Stirling (Scottish BDA); Teeside; SHO study day (Edinburgh). Invited speaker, BATCD Dublin; Inverness; Invited Speaker (BSRD annual meeting, Brighton); Lecture and organizer ICDAS training course, Pre-ORCA meeting, Denmark; Invited speaker, Post ORCA Symposium, Denmark on Sealants; Invited speaker Irish Endodontic Society, Dublin; Discovery Days Dundee University Inaugural Lecture; Herbert Memorial Lecture, Kings College London, GKT Clinical Day; Invited speaker Bogota, Columbia; Invited speaker at European Association of Pediatric Dentistry, Munich; Invited speaker Temple Philadelphia; Invited speaker Kuwait; Invited speaker, São Paulo, Brazil; Invited speaker, Queen Mary, London University; Invited speaker, Alliance for a Cavity Free Future, ICDAS Symposium, Hong Kong